20th & 21st November 2018 Top Current Affairs for Competitive Exams

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General Awareness and Current Affairs form a very important section in most of the government examsCurrent Affairs is the most dynamic of all sections and needs to be prepared from the right source.
 

All the Current Affairs ,Recent News, Latest Current affairs and GK facts updated on a daily basis on this page


20th & 21st November 2018 Current Affairs Updates

1. 49th International Film Festival of India opens in Panaji, Goa

It showcases New India through a variety of genres of cinema, including history, action, romance and sports. The Country of Focus is Israel. Ten films from Israel will be screened at the festival while the state of focus is Jharkhand, with Jharkhand Day being celebrated on the 24th November as part of the festival.

The theme of this grand event is New India through a variety of genres of cinema.

This year as an extension of the Khelo India Branding, Indian Sports Biopics will also be screened including Mary Kom, Bhaag Milkha Bhaag and MSD: The untold story. Karan Johar sat down in conversation with Akshay Kumar from Gold and olympic medal winner and Information and Broadcasting  Minister Rajyavardhan Rathore. The grand show included a tribute to iron man Sardar Patel.

This edition of the festival will showcase 212 films from over 68 countries which reflects diversity of taste. International Competition section has 15 films out of which 3 are Indian.

Competition section represents films produced and co-produced by 22 countries. 26 feature and 21 non – feature Indian films will be screened in the Indian Panorama section.

There will be special screenings of ‘Sholay’ and ‘Hichki’ with audio description under this section.


2. Mexico’s highest honour for Indian academic

Mexican government on Monday honoured an Indian academician Shyama Prasad Ganguly, former professor of Spanish and Latin American Studies at the Jawaharlal Nehru University(JNU) with “Orden Mexicana del Águila Azteca” (Mexican Order of the Aztec Eagle) award during the “India Remembers Octavio Paz” event organised to celebrate the Mexican Nobel laureate and former ambassador to India.

Melba Pría, Ambassador of Mexico to India, presented the Order in grade, Insignia to Shyama Prasad Ganguly in New Delhi for disseminating Spanish language and Mexican culture to strengthen Mexico-India cultural

Describing him as “a pillar of this work”, Ambassador Pria said Ganguly belonged to that first generation of a handful of Indian academics who “actually made everybody else interested in Spanish”.

He has authored, edited and translated over 25 books in an academic career spanning 40 years.


3. IIT Hyderabad researchers develop smartphone sensor to detect milk adulteration

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Hyderabad researchers are developing a Smart Phone-based sensoring system to detect adulteration in milk. As a first step, the IIT Hyderabad team has developed a detector system to measure the acidity of milk through design of an indicator paper that changes color according to the acidity of the milk. They have also developed algorithms that can be incorporated on to a mobile phone to accurately detect the color change.

The study results have been published in the November 2018 issue of Food Analytical Methods journal.

In a statement, the researchers explained that they used a process called electrospinning to produce paper-like material made of nanosized (~10-9 m diameter) fibres of nylon. Loaded with a combination of three dyes, the material changes colour in response to changes in acidity. Initial findings showed that the newly innovated detector system had accuracy of 99 per cent.

“While techniques such as chromatography and spectroscopy can be used to detect adulteration, such techniques generally require expensive setup and are not amenable to miniaturization into low-cost easy-to-use devices. Hence, they do not appeal to the vast majority of milk consumers in the developing world,” Prof Singh talked about the study.


4. 27th BASIC Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change held in New Delhi

The 27th BASIC Ministerial Meeting on Climate Change was held in New Delhi, India, on 19-20 November 2018. The meeting was chaired by H.E. Dr Harsh Vardhan, Minister of Environment, Forest and Climate Change of India.

The BASIC Ministers emphasized their deep concern for climate change and reaffirmed their commitment to the successful implementation of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), its Kyoto Protocol and its Paris Agreement, and to promote a global green and low carbon transition and ecological civilization with a view to building a community with a shared future for mankind. They reiterated that the Paris Agreement is a significant step for advancing global action against climate change, based on the recognition of the needs and special circumstances of developing countries in accordance with the principles of Equity and Common But Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR-RC), in the light of different national circumstances. They emphasized that global climate action should promote Climate Justice and a Just Transition by recognizing the fundamental equality of all people in accessing economic growth and sustainable development.

The BASIC countries asserted that the Global Stocktake (GST) should be conducted in the light of equity and the best available science. They stressed that the GST process should be comprehensive, considering mitigation, adaptation, means of implementation, as well as including loss and damage and response measures, and reflecting equity.

Ministers underscored that enhanced pre-2020 ambition and actions are the foundation for post-2020 ambition and actions. They highlighted that BASIC countries have ratified the Doha Amendment for the second commitment period under the Kyoto Protocol. They further noted with concern that 23 ratifications are still pending for it to enter into force and invited all remaining Parties that have not yet done so to ratify the Doha Amendment.

Ministers welcomed the offer of Brazil to host the 28th BASIC Ministerial Meeting in the first half of 2019.


5. Silver Jubilee Commemoration Ceremony of SIMBEX- 2018

Silver Jubilee Commemoration Ceremony to mark the 25th edition of SIMBEX, “Singapore-India Maritime Bilateral Exercise” was held on board INS Sahyadri at Visakhapatnam on, 19 November 2018.  The Ceremony was attended by Adm Sunil Lanba, the Chief of Naval Staff and Rear Adm Lew Chuen Hong, Chief of Navy Republic of Singapore, Vice Adm Karambir Singh FOC-in-C ENC, Flag Officers, Commanding Officers and personnel from participating ships. 

Rear Adm Dinesh K Tripathi, Flag Officer Commanding Eastern Fleet welcomed the Guests to the historic occasion to commemorate the 25th edition of the bilateral exercise between the two navies of India and Republic of Singapore.

The 25th edition of SIMBEX is the largest in terms of complexity, weapon firings and maritime geography.

Corner stone for Navy-Navy relations is SIMBEX which stated as a basic anti-submarine exercise in 1994 as ‘Lion King’ has grown from strength to strength.  The 25th edition of SIMBEX is the largest ever participation by the Singapore Navy in any bilateral exercise.

To mark the historic occasion and as a symbol of growing trust and comfort levels between the two navies, a special Logo was also released. The occasion was also utilised to simultaneous release Special Postal Cover and Singaporean Postage Stamp on SIMBEX.

Singapore India Maritime Bilateral Exercise (SIMBEX) is an annual bilateral naval exercise conducted by the Indian Navy and the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN).

The exercise has been held annually since 1994. Over the years, SIMBEX has progressed beyond its original emphasis on anti-submarine warfare to include elements of maritime security, anti-air and anti-surface warfare


6. Suresh Prabhu launches AirSewa 2.0

The Union Minister of Civil Aviation and Commerce & Industry, Suresh Prabhu, and Minister of State for Civil Aviation, Jayant Sinha launched the upgraded version of AirSewa 2.0 web portal and mobile app in New Delhi.

Speaking on this occasion the Civil Aviation Minister said that a need was felt for development of an upgraded version of AirSewa to provide a superior user experience with enhanced functionalities. Major improvements include features such as secure sign-up and log-in with social media, chatbot for travellers support,improved grievance management including social media grievances, real-time flight status and details flight schedule. The upgrade and improved version of AirSewa operates through an interactive web portal as well as through a mobile app for both android and iOS platforms and will offer passengers a convenient and hassle-free air travel experience. The web portal and application will help to capture air travellers’ feedback for policy interventions.

Air passengers face issues like flight delays, problem in refunds, long queues, inadequate facilities at airports and complaints of lost baggage. The Ministry of Civil Aviation launched AirSewa web portal and mobile app in November 2016 to address this need. The AirSewa 1.0 was received well, with around 30,000 app downloads and around 75,000 web portal hits since its launch. It has helped significant number of air passengers to get their concerns resolved with 92 % closure rate for grievance solutions. In addition to grievance redressal, AirSewa also provides real-time flight status and flight schedules.

Further upgrades of AirSewa are also being planned which would include DigiYatra registration, airport maps, BHIM payment integration and grievance escalation and transfer.


7. World Toilet Day: 19 November

World Toilet Day (WTD) is an official United Nations international observance day on 19 November to inspire action to tackle the global sanitation crisis. Worldwide, 4.5 billion people live without “safely managed sanitation” and around 892 million people practise open defecation. Sustainable Development Goal 6 aims to achieve sanitation for all and end open defecation.

World Toilet Day exists to inform, engage and inspire people to take action toward achieving this goal.

World Toilet Day was established by the World Toilet Organization in 2001. Twelve years later, the UN General Assembly declared World Toilet Day an official UN day in 2013.


8. PM launches Ease of Doing Business Grand Challenge, addresses cross-section of Industry representatives

The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi,launched the Ease of Doing Business Grand Challenge at an event in Lok Kalyan Marg in New Delhi.

The objective of this challenge is to invite innovative ideas based on Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, Big Data Analytics, Blockchain and other cutting edge technology to reform Government processes. The platform for the Grand Challenge is the Startup India Portal.

Addressing the gathering on this occasion, the Prime Minister complimented industry representatives and all others present, for their efforts in improving India’s ranking in “Ease of Doing Business (EoDB).”

The Prime Minister said that the Union Government has laid stress on Policy Driven Governance and Predictable Transparent Policies. He said that the reforms being undertaken by the Union Government are also aimed at improving ease of living for the common people. He said, today small entrepreneurs can do business more easily, and simple things like getting an electricity connection have got easier. He said that in the last four years, more than 1400 archaic laws have been repealed. He said dramatic reductions have been achieved in areas such as time taken for resolution of commercial disputes, and time taken for clearing imported goods. He listed a number of other areas, where great improvements have been made. He mentioned the efforts made for the MSME sector, such as approval for loans upto Rs 1 crore in 59 minutes.

The Prime Minister said that organizations such as IMF and Moody’s, today appear confident and optimistic about India’s future. The Prime Minister said that the aim is to make India a 5 trillion dollar economy in the shortest possible time. He said that for this, improvement is necessary in every sector of the economy. He said that the Union Government is also working towards an industrial policy which will be more reflective of current realities, and will be in accordance with the new vision of the entrepreneurs of New India. He exhorted the gathering to work towards achieving the target of a Top 50 position in EoDB rankings.


9. Lakshya Sen wins bronze medal at the BWF World Junior Championships

India’s biggest medal hope Lakshya Sen had to settle for the bronze medal at the BWF World Junior Championships 2018 in Markham, Canada, after losing his semi-final to the top seed Kunlavut Vitidsarn of Thailand. The fourth-seeded Sen squandered a one-game lead to succumb to a 22-20, 16-21, 13-21 defeat in 1 hour 11 minutes.

This was India’s fifth boys singles bronze medal at the BWF World Junior Championships and the only medal India got at this year’s Championships.

Previously, RMV Gurusaidutt (2008), B Sai Praneeth (2010), HS Prannoy (2010) and Sameer Verma (2011) have won the bronze medal. Siril Verma (2015) is India’s only boys singles silver-medallist at the World Junior Championships.

Saina Nehwal (2008) remains India’s sole gold medallist at the BWF World Junior Championships. She also won a silver two years before that in girls singles.

 

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